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Exotic Animal Kingdom

Explanation of Answers

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1. Where was the boy's bearded dragon born?

A. in Australia
B. in the US
C. We don't know.

Correct Answer (B). The boy says: "Bearded dragons actually originated from the deserts of Australia, and this is one of several species that survived in that climate. Today, beardies like this one are breed in captivity here in the US."

2. What word best describes the temperament of a bearded dragon?

A. gentle
B. hyperactive
C. aggressive

Correct Answer (A). "Bearded dragons make great family pets and are very docile creatures." "Docile" means that something is easy to handle, be lead, or taught, and it is also gentle.

3. Based on the interview, which sentence best describes the diet of a bearded dragon?

A. Bearded dragons are mainly carnivores.
B. Their diet is limited to greens and vegetables.
C. You can add vitamin or mineral supplements to their diet.

Correct Answer (C). The conversation is as follows:
Guest: Uh, (omnivores are) creatures that eat insects, vegetable, and greens, the leafy parts of plants and their stems.

Program Host: Okay. You mean something like carrots or something like that. [Yeah] Okay.

Guest: Young dragons like Bert can be fed small crickets twice a day, along with some greens and shredded vegetables. [Okay.] And then as your dragon grows, you can increase the amount of greens and vegetables. [Alright.] And you can also dust the vegetables and insects with a calcium supplement to promote bone growth.

Thus, bearded dragons eat both insects and vegetables, and adding a vitamin or mineral supplement adds nutrients that may be missing from their food.

4. According to the information provided, what can be said about how bearded dragons obtain water in the wild?

A. They drink the dew that condenses on plants.
B. They carry and store rain water in their mouths.
C. They extract water from the things they ingest.

Correct Answer (C). The boy says: "Well, since beard dragons traditionally live in arid regions, they obtain most of their water naturally from what they eat, so you have to be sure to feed them plenty of vegetables that serve as good carriers of water. [Okay.] You also spray them occasionally with a water bottle or provide them with a shallow water dish."

Actually, bearded dragons also obtain water from dew and rain water, but this was not mentioned in the conversation, and you were asked to determine the answer based on what information was provided in the interview.

5. From the choices below, what can be inferred about the best lighting scenario for a bearded dragon in captivity?

A. a completely glassed-enclosed aquarium with occasional sunlight
B. an inside enclosure with a UV light and basking lamp
C. a heating rock and a basking lamp in an aquarium

Correct Answer (B). The conversation is as follows:

Program Host: Okay, uh, so, perhaps, I could put my beardie in an aquarium and set him a window which gets direct sunlight?

Guest: Well, actually, you can even take them outside two or three times a week in the direct sunlight; however, putting them in a glass aquarium with exposure to sunlight shouldn't be viewed as a replacement for direct light or a UV bulb because the glass only filters out the sun light they need.

The best environment for bearded dragons is, of course, in the wild, but if you're raising bearded dragons in captivity, then you want to make sure they receive exposure to ultraviolet rays. These can be produced by a UV light bulb that you can buy at a pet store. Now, you can take your dragon outside in direct sunlight, but a dragon in a glass aquarium outside in the sun will not receive the same benefit because the glass filters out the vital UV rays.

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